The Blacklead King

The story of


My interest in William George Nixey (seen above) dates back many years, to the time when my father told me about the Black Lead company that was part of our family. Unfortunately, he didn’t seem to know exactly where in our family tree he fitted in. In 1993, as a completely blind person, my ability to use a computer was made possible by the assistance of text-to-speech software. A few years later, as the availability of genealogical records on the Internet became more readily available, I keenly began researching my ancestry. Around the same time, Sue Baker, one of our cousins who lives just outside the city of Bath, sent us copies of two advertising posters, one of Nixey’s Black Lead, the other of Nixey’s Blue, which we framed and proudly hung on our wall.

After a number of years of intense research, and with the assistance of a friend who was able to access baptism records at Winkfield that were not available online, I eventually discovered that William George Nixey was much more closely related to me than I’d ever imagined. He was actually the brother of my great great grandfather, Joseph, their father, John, being a wheelwright at Slough in Buckinghamshire and Winkfield in Berkshire. You may be interested to read a separate section on this website detailing the life and family of my great great grandfather, called My Nixey Family – From Buckinghamshire to Somerset . . . and Beyond.

Several years ago, I began collecting together numerous pieces of information regarding my newly found great great great uncle,, but it was never compiled into chronological order, and written in such a way that may have made it of interest to others researching his life, family and business. In fact, over time, it was all forgotten about. That was until John Branston, another cousin from Bath, told me about a conversation he’d recently had with Allan James, the verger of St Lawrence’s church in Slough, regarding William George Nixey. It was then that my desire to make available as much information as possible about him, his family and business was well and truly rekindled.

I could never have imagined what a wide and varied story I would encounter along the way. With events including fires, court cases, awards, thefts, and even a suicide – to name just a few, one thing is for sure, whatever your interest, there’s something here for everyone, including Freemasonry, the military, politics, religion and Royalty!

Prior to World War II, Maxwell Fraser, the pen name of Dorothy Phillips, wrote a series of articles in the Slough Observer which were later compiled into the book known as “The History of Slough”. In chapter 11 entitled “Trade and Industry”, she stated:

Very little seems to be known of the origin of Nixey’s once famous blacklead, which was presumably placed on the market before W.G. Nixey bought the Old Vicarage in 1856, and built Springfield House (then popularly known as ‘Blacklead Castle’, and now Upton Towers). The blacklead was advertised as ‘the Servants’ Friend’, and made a fortune for its inventor.

It is my intention to correct this apparent lack of knowledge, and to make known as much as possible about not only “Nixey’s once famous blacklead”, but many other products and inventions such as the ones listed below:

  • Black Lead
  • Blue
  • “Bobby” Blue
  • Boot Cream
  • Boot Polish (Black and Brown)
  • “Cervus” Bag Blue
  • “Cervus” Cycle Lubricant
  • “Cervus” Knife Polish
  • Egg-Shell Enamel “Berlin Black”
  • Emery Cloth
  • Fine Black Varnish
  • Fly-Catchers
  • Furniture Polish
  • Garden Labels
  • “Invicta” Knife Polish
  • Knife Polish
  • “Nixelene” Stove Paste
  • “Pictorial London”
  • Refined Black Lead
  • Revolving Money Till
  • “Silver Moonlight” Stove Polish
  • Soho Square Blue
  • “Solvonian” Boot Creams
  • Washing Crystals

“That Nixey Cervus well.”–Punch magazine

The majority of work carried out on this project was done during 2015, which I felt was very fitting as it marked the 250th anniversary of the Nixey family’s appearance at Slough, Buckinghamshire. What better time could there be to commemorate the life, family and business of William George Nixey, and of course, his son of the same name?

Please note: Inevitably, where newspaper articles have been quoted, names, ages and places are sometimes inaccurate, but the content of the articles used are undoubtedly in connection with specific members of this family. Also, where amounts of money have been included, the online Currency Converter of the National Archives website has been used to give an equivalent value as of 2005.

I would like to take this opportunity to pass on my deepest and sincerest thanks to Judy Lester of Kerrywood Research, London, who gave so much of her personal time in transcribing numerous newspaper articles, wills and parish records, to Nivard Ovington for his most valuable assistance with military queries and in editing and enhancing some of the images, and to John Branston who has been of great help and encouragement to me throughout the duration of this project. I am eternally grateful to all three of them.

Arthur Ernest Nixey


On 28th September 2015, my father passed away at the age of eighty-eight..
As he shared my enjoyment in learning about our family history,
I would like to dedicate this website and its content to his memory.

If you have any corrections, contributions, or suggestions regarding any part of this website, or if you would just like to say “hello”, then please do eMail me, but please ensure you remove the word “SPAM” from my address before sending your message. I would also very much appreciate it if you could find just a few moments to leave a message in the Guestbook. Thanks very much!

Jonathan Nixey – 28th November 2015

Table of Contents

Items that can often be found on the eBay website are Doulton Ware salt glazed stone bottles produced by Doulton & Co. at Lambeth, which are stamped with the wording “W. G. NIXEY  12 Soho Square  LONDON”. These cream coloured stoneware bottles are often incorrectly listed as having once contained beer, black lead, or ink. Beer and ink were never sold by the company, while black lead was only sold in solid tablets and not in bottles. There were only two products sold in these bottles, Egg-Shell Enamel “Berlin Black”, which by the turn of the twentieth century was being sold in all five sizes, and Fine Black Varnish, which was only available in two sizes.

Doulton & Co. was first and foremost a manufacturer of industrial ceramics, including water filters, drainage pipes and sanitary fittings. In the early 1860’s, however, the company began the manufacture of domestic and ornamental salt glazed stoneware that became known as “Doulton Ware.” Their decorative stoneware produced in association with the School of Art at Lambeth had enormous success at International Exhibitions in the 1860’s and 1870’s, culminating in acclaim at the Philadelphia Exhibition in 1886 and also at Chicago in 1893. Public interest and production peaked in the late 1890’s when about 370 artists were employed at Lambeth making the salt-glazed ornamental stoneware.


Maxwell Fraser & the History of Slough – Slough History Online

Histories of UK Potters and Pottery Manufacturers – Doulton History 1854-2005


The portrait of William George Nixey appeared in the book “Two centuries of Soho, its institutions, firms, and amusements” by John Henry Cardwell, published 1898 by Truslove and Hanson, London; the image was edited and enhanced by Nivard Ovington.

The photo of the five sizes of stoneware bottles produced by Doulton & Co of Lambeth for W G Nixey of 12 Soho Square appears by kind permission of Andrew Nixey.

This website was last updated on Thursday 21st December 2017

Details of the Most Recent Updates:

  • Began adding two new chapters, numbers 13 (The Great Grandchildren Keep the Family Growing) and 14 (Meanwhile, In Other Matters ...); renumbered the existing Chapter 13 (The History of Springfield House) as Chapter 15; changed all links on the Surname Index page for Chapter 13 to Chapter 15; added a very brief newspaper announcement of the death of Charles Bridges Stevens to Chapter 9; added details regarding the Rateable Value of 12 Soho Square for 1900 to Chapter 9.
  • 19th December 2017: Added a table to Chapter 4, listing the twenty-three grandchildren of William George and Charlotte Nixey, their year of birth, and their mother’s maiden name; slightly reordered some of the text surrounding the table.
  • 18th December 2017: Added a table to Chapter 1, listing the thirty-seven nieces and nephews that William George Nixey became uncle to, their approximate year of birth, and their mother’s maiden names; slightly reordered some of the text surrounding the table.
  • 16th December 2017: Added articles from the Taunton Courier and Western Advertiser of Wednesday 9th December 1891 and the Stonehaven Journal of Thursday 31st December 1891 to Chapter 8; rearranged some of the text around those items; added an article from the Weston-super-Mare Gazette and General Advertiser of Saturday 4th June 1898 to Chapter 9; added a quote from the Punch magazine to the home page.
  • 14th December 2017: Added the text of a poem from an advert found in the Taunton Courier and Western Advertiser of Wednesday 18th December 1889 to Chapter 8; added a news item from the Windsor and Eton Express of 22nd September 1906 regarding the company’s Diamond Jubilee to Chapter 9; added extra details regarding John and Ann Langsford to Chapter 9; updated the Surname Index page.
  • 13th December 2017: Changed the formatting of text in certain areas; made alterations at the end of Chapter 8 and the beginning of Chapter 9; updated the Surname Index page.
  • 12th December 2017: Added a news article in Chapter 5 from the Windsor and Eton Express regarding the placing of the granite monument on the Nixey family vault at Slough in 1873; rearranged parts of Chapter 5; added a news item to Chapter 8 from the Windsor and Eton Express regarding the death of Charlotte Nixey; updated the Surname Index page.
  • 23rd October 2017: Added the poem “Blacklead Castle” by Keith bosley to Chapter 13; updated the Credits and Surname Index pages.

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